Cesium-137 contaminated roads and health problems in residents: An epidemiological investigation in Seoul, 2011

Mina Ha, Young Su Ju, Won Jin Lee, Seung sik Hwang, Sang Chul Yoo, Kyung Hwa Choi, Eunae Burm, Jieon Lee, Yun Keun Lee, Sanghyuk Im

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. Methods: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools. Information on duration of residency and frequency of use of the roads was applied to calculate cumulative radiation exposure dose from the roads, alongside with the reported 137Cs contamination amounts. Information on past medical history, perceived risk, anxiety and psychological stress was also obtained. Of the 31,053 residents, 8,875 were analyzed. To examine possible associations between radiation exposure and health problems, logistic regression adjusted for covariates were performed with consideration of the sampling design, population weight and stratification. Results: No significant association was found between self-informed diseases, including cancers, and estimated radiation exposure dose. According to an increase of radiation level, a significant increase in anxiety in all and a decline in the psychosocial wellbeing of the adults was noted. The risk perception level was higher in the elderly, females, the less educated, and the highest exposed individuals. Conclusion: This study provides a basis for risk communication with residents and community environmental health policy.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere58
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Cesium
Health
Anxiety
Environmental Policy
Neoplasms
House Calls
Environmental Health
Internship and Residency
Health Policy
Psychological Stress
Radioisotopes
Registries
Epidemiologic Studies
Logistic Models
Communication
Radiation
Students
Weights and Measures
Incidence
Population

Keywords

  • Cs
  • Epidemiological investigation
  • Health effects
  • Radionuclide contamination
  • Risk perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cesium-137 contaminated roads and health problems in residents : An epidemiological investigation in Seoul, 2011. / Ha, Mina; Ju, Young Su; Lee, Won Jin; Hwang, Seung sik; Yoo, Sang Chul; Choi, Kyung Hwa; Burm, Eunae; Lee, Jieon; Lee, Yun Keun; Im, Sanghyuk.

In: Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol. 33, No. 9, e58, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ha, Mina ; Ju, Young Su ; Lee, Won Jin ; Hwang, Seung sik ; Yoo, Sang Chul ; Choi, Kyung Hwa ; Burm, Eunae ; Lee, Jieon ; Lee, Yun Keun ; Im, Sanghyuk. / Cesium-137 contaminated roads and health problems in residents : An epidemiological investigation in Seoul, 2011. In: Journal of Korean Medical Science. 2018 ; Vol. 33, No. 9.
@article{ab690bed25bf4f72a0abb084bac6cf3b,
title = "Cesium-137 contaminated roads and health problems in residents: An epidemiological investigation in Seoul, 2011",
abstract = "Background: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. Methods: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools. Information on duration of residency and frequency of use of the roads was applied to calculate cumulative radiation exposure dose from the roads, alongside with the reported 137Cs contamination amounts. Information on past medical history, perceived risk, anxiety and psychological stress was also obtained. Of the 31,053 residents, 8,875 were analyzed. To examine possible associations between radiation exposure and health problems, logistic regression adjusted for covariates were performed with consideration of the sampling design, population weight and stratification. Results: No significant association was found between self-informed diseases, including cancers, and estimated radiation exposure dose. According to an increase of radiation level, a significant increase in anxiety in all and a decline in the psychosocial wellbeing of the adults was noted. The risk perception level was higher in the elderly, females, the less educated, and the highest exposed individuals. Conclusion: This study provides a basis for risk communication with residents and community environmental health policy.",
keywords = "Cs, Epidemiological investigation, Health effects, Radionuclide contamination, Risk perception",
author = "Mina Ha and Ju, {Young Su} and Lee, {Won Jin} and Hwang, {Seung sik} and Yoo, {Sang Chul} and Choi, {Kyung Hwa} and Eunae Burm and Jieon Lee and Lee, {Yun Keun} and Sanghyuk Im",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e58",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
journal = "Journal of Korean Medical Science",
issn = "1011-8934",
publisher = "Korean Academy of Medical Science",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cesium-137 contaminated roads and health problems in residents

T2 - An epidemiological investigation in Seoul, 2011

AU - Ha, Mina

AU - Ju, Young Su

AU - Lee, Won Jin

AU - Hwang, Seung sik

AU - Yoo, Sang Chul

AU - Choi, Kyung Hwa

AU - Burm, Eunae

AU - Lee, Jieon

AU - Lee, Yun Keun

AU - Im, Sanghyuk

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Background: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. Methods: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools. Information on duration of residency and frequency of use of the roads was applied to calculate cumulative radiation exposure dose from the roads, alongside with the reported 137Cs contamination amounts. Information on past medical history, perceived risk, anxiety and psychological stress was also obtained. Of the 31,053 residents, 8,875 were analyzed. To examine possible associations between radiation exposure and health problems, logistic regression adjusted for covariates were performed with consideration of the sampling design, population weight and stratification. Results: No significant association was found between self-informed diseases, including cancers, and estimated radiation exposure dose. According to an increase of radiation level, a significant increase in anxiety in all and a decline in the psychosocial wellbeing of the adults was noted. The risk perception level was higher in the elderly, females, the less educated, and the highest exposed individuals. Conclusion: This study provides a basis for risk communication with residents and community environmental health policy.

AB - Background: In 2011, two roads in a residential area in Seoul were found to be contaminated with the radionuclide cesium-137 (137Cs). In response to public concerns, an epidemiological study was conducted. Methods: The standardized cancer incidence ratios in the affected and neighboring regions were calculated based on the central cancer registry. Households in the region were sampled using the random stratified sampling technique, and questionnaires were administered to family members, via home visit and via students in elementary to high schools. Information on duration of residency and frequency of use of the roads was applied to calculate cumulative radiation exposure dose from the roads, alongside with the reported 137Cs contamination amounts. Information on past medical history, perceived risk, anxiety and psychological stress was also obtained. Of the 31,053 residents, 8,875 were analyzed. To examine possible associations between radiation exposure and health problems, logistic regression adjusted for covariates were performed with consideration of the sampling design, population weight and stratification. Results: No significant association was found between self-informed diseases, including cancers, and estimated radiation exposure dose. According to an increase of radiation level, a significant increase in anxiety in all and a decline in the psychosocial wellbeing of the adults was noted. The risk perception level was higher in the elderly, females, the less educated, and the highest exposed individuals. Conclusion: This study provides a basis for risk communication with residents and community environmental health policy.

KW - Cs

KW - Epidemiological investigation

KW - Health effects

KW - Radionuclide contamination

KW - Risk perception

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042505660&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042505660&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e58

DO - 10.3346/jkms.2018.33.e58

M3 - Article

C2 - 29441737

AN - SCOPUS:85042505660

VL - 33

JO - Journal of Korean Medical Science

JF - Journal of Korean Medical Science

SN - 1011-8934

IS - 9

M1 - e58

ER -