CF4 adsorption on porous carbon derived from silicon carbide

Seung Wan Choi, Hyung Jin Yoon, Hyeok Joo Lee, Eung Seok Lee, Dae Soon Lim, Ki Bong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Considering the increasing industrial demand for CF4 and its high global warming potential, appropriate disposal methods for CF4 are required. Adsorption can not only be used for CF4 capture but is also promising for increasing CF4 concentration, which enhances the efficiency of conventional combustion methods. In this study, porous carbons were synthesized through the chlorination of silicon carbide (SiC) with two different polymorphs at high temperatures (ranging from 800 to 1200 °C) for application to CF4 separation. The effects of the pore structure and surface morphology of the porous carbons on the CF4 adsorption performance were analyzed. The porous carbon treated at a higher temperature had a well-developed pore structure, and the maximum total pore volume and specific surface area were obtained in the sample chlorinated at 1200 °C. However, the CF4 adsorption uptake was well correlated with the narrow micropore volume for which the pore size was <0.9 nm rather than the total pore volume and specific surface area. Because of the different stacking in the precursors, alpha SiC formed a more amorphous structure in the porous carbon than beta SiC after chlorination, and the amorphous structure was thermodynamically favorable for CF4 adsorption. Therefore, alpha-SiC-derived porous carbon chlorinated at 1100 °C had the highest CF4 adsorption uptake of 2.32 mol kg−1. It also exhibited excellent adsorption–desorption cyclic stability and reasonable CF4/N2 selectivity, indicating the applicability of the developed CF4 adsorbent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110373
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume306
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 15

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • CF
  • Microporous carbon
  • Silicon carbide
  • Surface morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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