Changing perspectives on palliative care.

Youn Seon Choi, J. Andrew Billings

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the United States, hospice and palliative care are two distinct expressions of the hospice interdisciplinary team approach to end-of-life care, which originated in Great Britain in the 1960s. The hospice movement developed largely as a home-care program and alternative to conventional care. Hospice regulations and reimbursement allowances limit services to patients who are expected to die within 6 months and who forego many common oncologic treatments. On the other hand, palliative care is a more recent academic, medically mainstream discipline that attempts to integrate the hospice approach into oncology and other areas of clinical medicine from the earliest phases of diagnosis and treatment. Palliative care entertains all appropriate forms of care at any phase of an illness. In this review, we describe the key goals of palliative care, which include excellent pain and symptom control, psychosocial and spiritual support for the patient and family, informed decision-making, and coordinated services across the continuum of care. We focus on selected recent developments that are important to oncology practice: the role of artificial nutrition; management of malignant small bowel obstruction; communication tasks, such as information sharing, recognition of patient preferences, advanced-care planning, and bereavement care; and ethical principles related to the hastening of death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-522
Number of pages8
JournalOncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)
Volume16
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Hospices
Palliative Care
Hospice Care
Continuity of Patient Care
Terminal Care
Information Dissemination
Patient Preference
Clinical Medicine
Home Care Services
Early Diagnosis
Decision Making
Communication
Pain
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Changing perspectives on palliative care. / Choi, Youn Seon; Billings, J. Andrew.

In: Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.), Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.04.2002, p. 515-522.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Choi, YS & Billings, JA 2002, 'Changing perspectives on palliative care.', Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.), vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 515-522.
Choi, Youn Seon ; Billings, J. Andrew. / Changing perspectives on palliative care. In: Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.). 2002 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 515-522.
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