We describe the characterisation of a novel monoPEGylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor analogue, pegteograstim (Neulapeg), prepared by site-specific 20 kDa maleimide-PEG conjugation. An additional cysteine was inserted between Gly136 and Ala137 of filgrastim (methionyl human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) for site-specific PEGylation, and Cys18 of filgrastim was replaced with Ser18 to prevent unwanted PEGylation. Pegteograstim was produced by Escherichia coli and purified by cation exchange chromatography, and its structural, physicochemical, biological and immunological properties were investigated. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered pegteograstim (100 μg/kg) and the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics compared with those of filgrastim. The results of long-term stability testing of pegteograstim revealed no significant change in its quality attributes at 2–8 °C for 36 months. In addition, pegteograstim was stable under the accelerated conditions (25 ± 2 °C, RH of 60 ± 5%) for 6 months. The site-specific monoPEGylated pegteograstim is a highly pure, stable and novel drug for long-lasting treatment of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia.
- rhG-CSF analogue
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)