Characteristics of evaporative heat transfer and pressure drop of carbon dioxide and correlation development

Seok Ho Yoon, Eun Seok Cho, Yun Wook Hwang, Min Soo Kim, Kyoungdoug Min, Yongchan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

140 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon dioxide among natural refrigerants has gained considerable attention as an alternative refrigerant due to its excellent thermophysical properties. In this study, transcritical refrigeration cycle using carbon dioxide is of great interest, and the evaporation process is investigated by experiment and analysis. This paper presents the measured heat transfer coefficients and pressure drop during evaporation process of carbon dioxide in a horizontal smooth tube. The test section was made of a seamless stainless steel tube with the inner diameter of 7.53 mm, and length of 5 m. Heat is provided by a direct heating method to the test section. Experiments were conducted at saturation temperatures of -4 to 20 °C, heat fluxes of 12 to 20 kWm-2 and mass fluxes of 200 to 530 kgm-2 s -1. A comparison of different heat transfer correlations applicable to evaporation of carbon dioxide has been made. Based on the experiments for the evaporation heat transfer, useful correlation is developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-119
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Drop
  • Evaporation
  • Heat transfer
  • Mass transfer
  • Pressure
  • Smooth tube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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