Characteristics of gradient-interface-structured ZnCdSSe quantum dots with modified interface and its application to quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells

Da Woon Jeong, Jae Yup Kim, Han Wook Seo, Kyoung Mook Lim, Min Jae Ko, Tae Yeon Seong, Bum Sung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are attractive materials for application in photovoltaics, LEDs, displays, and bio devices owing to their unique properties. In this study, we synthesized gradient-interface-structured ZnCdSSe QDs and modified the interface based on a thermodynamic simulation to investigate its optical and physical properties. In addition, the interface was modified by increasing the molar concentration of Se. QDs at the modified interface were applied to QD-sensitized solar cells, which showed a 25.5% increase in photoelectric conversion efficiency owing to the reduced electron confinement effect. The increase seems to be caused by the excited electrons being relatively easily transferred to the level of TiO2 owing to the reduced electron confinement effect. Consequently, the electron confinement effect was observed to be reduced by increasing the ZnSe (or Zn1-xCdxSe)-rich phase at the interface. This means that, based on the thermodynamic simulation, the interface between the core QDs and the surface of the QDs can be controlled. The improvement of optical and electronic properties by controlling interfaces and surfaces during the synthesis of QDs, as reported in this work, can be useful for many applications beyond solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Surface Science
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Gradient interface
  • Modified interface
  • QDSCs
  • Quantum dots
  • Solar cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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