Characteristics of vitamin C encapsulated tripolyphosphate-chitosan microspheres as affected by chitosan molecular weight

K. G. Desai, C. Liu, Hyunh Jin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of chitosan molecular weight on the characteristics (size, encapsulation efficiency, zeta potential, surface morphology and release rate) of vitamin C encapsulated tripolyphosphate cross-linked chitosan (TPP-chitosan) microspheres. The molecular weight of chitosan had a noticeable influence on the size, encapsulation efficiency, zeta potential, surface morphology and controlled release behaviour of the vitamin C encapsulated TPP-chitosan microspheres. The mean particle size and encapsulation efficiencies of TPP-chitosan microspheres were 3.1, 4.9 and 6.7 μm and 67.25, 60.43 and 52.74% for the microspheres prepared using low, medium and high molecular weight chitosan, respectively. All the TPP-chitosan microspheres (low, medium and high molecular weight) had positive charge on their surface. The zeta potential of the TPP-chitosan microspheres prepared using low, medium and high molecular weight chitosan was 41.25, 40.84 and 39.13 mV, respectively. The particle sizes of TPP-chitosan microspheres increased with increases in chitosan molecular weight. Molecular weight of chitosan did not affect significantly the % yield of TPP-chitosan microspheres prepared by spray-drying. The influence of chitosan molecular weight on the surface morphology of vitamin C encapsulated TPP-chitosan microspheres was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was observed that, as the molecular weight of chitosan increases, TPP-chitosan microspheres with uniform spherical shape could be obtained. The physical state of vitamin C (amorphous or crystalline) in TPP-chitosan matrix was studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and it was found that vitamin C is dispersed at the molecular level (amorphous) in the TPP-chitosan matrix. Release rate of the vitamin C from TPP-chitosan microspheres was significantly affected by the chitosan molecular weight. The release rate decreased with increase in the chitosan molecular weight. The release of vitamin C from TPP-chitosan microspheres followed Fick's law of diffusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-90
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Microencapsulation
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 1

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Keywords

  • Chitosan
  • Controlled release
  • Encapsulation
  • Microspheres
  • Molecular weight
  • Tripolyphosphate
  • Vitamin C

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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