Mammalian rpS3, a ribosomal protein S3 with a DNA repair endonuclease activity, nicks heavily UV-irradiated DNA and DNA containing AP sites. RpS3 calls for a novel endonucleolytic activity on AP sites generated from pyrimidine dimers by T4 pyrimidine dimer glycosylase activity. This study revealed that rpS3 cleaves the lesions including AP sites, thymine glycols, and other UV damaged lesions such as pyrimidine dimers. This enzyme does not have a glycosylase activity as predicted from its amino acid sequence. However, it has an endonuclease activity on DNA containing thymine glycol, which is exactly overlapped with UV-irradiated or AP DNAs, indicating that rpS3 cleaves phosphodiester bonds of DNAs containing altered bases with broad specificity acting as a base-damage-endonuclease. RpS3 cleaves supercoiled UV damaged DNA more efficiently than the relaxed counterpart, and the endonuclease activity of rpS3 was inhibited by MgCl2 on AP DNA but not on UV-irradiated DNA.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Mar 25|
- DNA repair
- UV endonuclease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology