Characterization of aroma-active compounds of Abies nephrolepis (Khingan fir) needles using aroma extract dilution analysis

Eun Jeong Yu, Tae Hwan Kim, Kyoung Heon Kim, Hyong Joo Lee

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Volatile components in the needles of Abies nephrolepis (Khingan fir), a conifer native to Korea, were extracted by simultaneous distillation-extraction. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry using two types of capillary column with different polarities (DB-5MS and DB-WAX) revealed that α-pinene (23.2%) is the most abundant compound, followed by limonene (12.7%), bornyl acetate (9.9%) and β-caryophyllene (10.8%). Aroma-active compounds of A. nephrolepis were determined using gas chromatography-olfactometry by aroma extract dilution analysis. α-Pinene showed the highest flavour dilution factors, ranging from 38 to 39 with characteristic pine aroma. (Z)-3-Hexenal and γ-terpinene were also identified as important aroma-active compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalFlavour and Fragrance Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1



  • (Z)-3-hexenal
  • Abies nephrolepis
  • Aroma extract dilution analysis
  • Conifers
  • Gas Chromatography-olfactometry
  • α-pinene
  • γ-terpinene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)

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