Characterization of nanoparticles prepared by acid hydrolysis of various starches

Hee Young Kim, Ju Hun Lee, Jong Yea Kim, Wang Jin Lim, Seung Taik Lim

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92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Various starches of different AM contents and origins such as wx maize, normal maize, high AM maize, potato, and mungbean starches were hydrolyzed using a H2SO4 solution (3.16 M) at 40°C for 7 days, and the starch particles were isolated from the hydrolysates by centrifugation. The hydrolysis rates varied from 61.4 to 90.9% depending on the starch type. Unexpectedly, A-type starches were more resistant to the acid hydrolysis than B-type starches. XRD results revealed that the starch particles with B-crystalline type exhibited a decrease in peak intensity. In addition, in a DSC analysis, the crystals remaining in the B-type starch particles were readily disrupted in the water dispersion so that no melting endotherm appeared. Electron microscopy confirmed that the starch particles had round or oval shapes with diameters ranging from 40 to 70 nm, which possibly represented the starch blocklets in granules. The acid degraded mainly AM and long AP chains, resulting in increasing the proportion of short chains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-373
Number of pages7
JournalStarch/Staerke
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 1

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Keywords

  • Acid hydrolysis
  • Nanoparticles
  • Starch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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