Characterization of novel mutants of hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with various depths of purple grain color and antioxidant capacity

Min Jeong Hong, Dae Yeon Kim, Bo Mi Nam, Joon Woo Ahn, Soon Jae Kwon, Yong Weon Seo, Jin Baek Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Wheat grain is recognized as a rich source of nutrients, including proteins, vitamins, minerals, fibers and antioxidants. In recent years, the focus of wheat breeding has been to increase the content of bioactive compounds to improve human health and prevent diseases. RESULTS: Five novel wheat mutant lines with variable seed color were developed using gamma irradiation of hexaploid wheat inbred line K4191 (purple seed color). The total anthocyanin contents of three mutant lines (L47, L167 and L925) were significantly higher than those of wild-type lines, including K4191 and ‘Keumkang’ (white seed color). L925 showed the highest total anthocyanin content, and cyanidin-3-glucoside was presented as the most predominant anthocyanin. Compared with ‘Keumkang’, the expression of anthocyanin biosynthesis genes was significantly up-regulated in purple seed mutant lines. The highest antioxidant activity was observed in L925 extracts. The expression of a few antioxidant-related genes and total anthocyanin content were positively correlated with antioxidant capacity. These data suggest that anthocyanins and phenolic compounds in wheat grains contribute to the antioxidant potential. CONCLUSION: Purple grain color is associated with higher anthocyanin accumulation and antioxidant capacity in wheat. Wheat mutants developed in this study may serve as a valuable source of antioxidants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 15


  • anthocyanin
  • antioxidant
  • gamma irradiation
  • mutant
  • seed color
  • wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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