Herein is presented systematic analysis of air-stable, ambipolar heterojunction-based organic light-emitting field-effect transistors (OLEFETs). Top-contact OLEFETs with multidigitated, long channel-width geometry were produced by the successive deposition of electron-transporting N,N′-ditridecylperylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide (P13) and hole-transporting tetracene layers, using the neutral cluster beam deposition (NCBD) method. The morphological, structural, and photoluminescence properties of the untreated and thermally post-treated P13/tetracene active layers were examined by atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and laser scanning confocal microscopy. From the comparative analysis of the NCBD thin films, the neutral cluster beams led to the preparation of smooth, uniform bilayer films consisting of well-packed grain crystallites. The OLEFETs demonstrated good field-effect characteristics, stress-free operational stability, and electroluminescence under ambient conditions. The operating conduction mechanism that accounts for the observed light emission is also discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films