Chemical modification to reduce renal uptake of disulfide-bonded variable region fragment of anti-Tac monoclonal antibody labeled with 99mTc

In S. Kim, Tae M. Yoo, Hisataka Kobayashi, Meyoung-Kon Kim, Nhat Le, Q. C. Wang, Ira Pastan, Jorge A. Carrasquillo, Chang H. Paik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The anti-Tac disulfide-bonded variable region fragment (dsFv) is a genetically engineered, 25 kDa, murine monoclonal antibody fragment that recognizes the α subunit of the interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2Rα). The dsFv radiolabeled with the tetrafluorophenyl ester (TFP) of [99mTc]mercaptoacetyltriglycine ([99mTc]MAG3-TFP) showed rapid tumor uptake and fast blood clearance in mice, resulting in high tumor-to-nontumor background ratios. However, its high renal uptake was a problem. In this study, we tested the effect of lowering the isoelectric point (pI) of dsFv to <9.3 on renal and tumor uptake. To lower the pI, dsFv was acylated simultaneously with both [99mTc]MAG3-TFP and TFP-glycolate. The acylation of dsFv decreased its pI and its immunoreactivity inversely proportional to the molar ratio of TFP-glycolate to dsFv, whereas the conjugation of [99mTc]MAG3-TFP alone did not. When biodistribution studies were performed in nude mice, the effect of the lowered pI was reflected primarily in decreased kidney uptake and whole-body retention, with its highest effect seen at the earliest time point (15 min) after injection. In tumor-bearing nude mice, glycolated [99mTc]MAG3-dsFv with a pI range of 4.9 to 6.5 accumulated selectively into IL-2 receptor-positive SP2/Tac tumor similar to that of the control [125I]dsFv labeled by the Iodo-Gen method, whereas its renal uptake was 25% of [125I]dsFv at 15 min. At 90 min, the ratios of tumor to receptor-negative SP2/0 tumor, liver, kidney, stomach, and blood had peaked at 10.9, 8.5, 0.3, 5.0, and 6.2, respectively, for the glycolated [99mTc]MAG3-dsFv. The corresponding ratios for [125I]dsFv were 3.7, 5.0, 0.1, 1.5, and 2.1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-453
Number of pages7
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 May 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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