Chemical vapor deposition on chabazite (CHA) zeolite membranes for effective post-combustion CO2 capture

Eunjoo Kim, Taehee Lee, Hyungmin Kim, Won Jin Jung, Doug Young Han, Hionsuck Baik, Nakwon Choi, Jungkyu Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chabazite (CHA) zeolites with a pore size of 0.37 × 0.42 nm2 are expected to separate CO2 (0.33 nm) from larger N2 (0.364 nm) in postcombustion flue gases by recognizing their minute size differences. Furthermore, the hydrophobic siliceous constituent in CHA membranes can allow for maintaining the CO2/N2 separation performance in the presence of H2O in contrast with the CO2 affinity-based membranes. In an attempt to increase the molecular sieving ability, the pore mouth size of all silica CHA (Si-CHA) particles was reduced via the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of a silica precursor (tetraethyl orthosilicate). Accordingly, an increase of the CVD treatment duration decreased the penetration rate of CO2 into the CVD-treated Si-CHA particles. Furthermore, the CVD process was applied to siliceous CHA membranes in order to improve their CO2/N2 separation performance. Compared to the intact CHA membranes, the CO2/N2 maximum separation factor (max SF) for CVD-treated CHA membranes was increased by ∼2 fold under dry conditions. More desirably, the CO2/N2 max SF was increased by ∼3 fold under wet conditions at ∼50 °C, a representative temperature of the flue gas stream. In fact, the presence of H2O in the feed disfavored the permeation of N2 more than that of CO2 through CVD-modified CHA membranes and thus, contributed to the increased CO2/N2 separation factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14828-14836
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume48
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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