Chunghyuldan (CHD), a combinatorial drug that has antihyperlipidemic and anti-inflammatory activities, has been shown to improve arterial stiffness and inhibit stroke recurrence in clinical study. To understand the molecular basis of CHD's clinical effects, we explored its effect on cell proliferation and expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Cell number counting and [3H]thymidine incorporation assay demonstrated that nontoxic doses of CHD have an inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis and suppress cell cycle progression of HUVECs. CHD treatment led to a marked induction of NO production through up-regulation of NOS mRNA expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner, whereas it suppressed VCAM-1 expression. CHD inhibition of VCAM-1 expression was totally blocked by pretreatment with the NO synthesis inhibitor L-NMMA, whereas pretreatment with the NO donor DETA-NO further decreased VCAM-1 level in CHD-treated HUVECs, indicating that VCAM-1 regulation by CHD is mediated through increased NO synthesis by CHD. In addition, TNF-α-mediated VCAM-1 activation was substantially impeded by CHD treatment. Collectively, our data suggest that anti-inflammatory or anti-hyperlipidemic effects of CHD might be associated with its ability to activate NO production and suppress VCAM-1 expression in human endothelial cells.
- Human umbilical vein endothelial cell
- Nitric oxide synthase
- Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)