Chylomicron remnant uptake in the livers of mice expressing human apolipoproteins E3, E2 (Arg158→Cys), and E3-Leiden

Sung-Joon Lee, Itamar Grosskopf, Sungshin Y. Choi, Allen D. Cooper

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Abstract

Apolipoprotein E2 (apoE2) and apoE3-Leiden cause chylomicron remnant accumulation (type III hyperlipidemia). However, the degree of dyslipidemia and its penetrance are different in humans and mice. Remnant uptake by isolated liver from apoE-/-mice transgenic for human apoE2, apoES-Leiden, or apoE3 was measured. In the presence of both LDL receptor (LDLR) and LDL receptor-related protein (LRP), remnant uptake was apoE3>E3-Leiden>E2 mice. Absence of LDLR reduced uptake in apoE3 and apoE3-Leiden-secreting livers but not in apoE2-secreting livers. LRP inhibition with receptor-associated protein reduced uptake in apoE3- and apoE2-secreting livers, but not in apoE3-Leiden-secreting livers, regardless of the presence of LDLR. iluorescently labeled remnants clustered with LRP in apoE3-secreting livers only in the absence of LDLR, but clustered in livers that expressed apoE2 even in the presence of LDLR, and did not cluster with LRP in livers of apoE3-Leiden even in the absence of LDLR. Remnants were reconstituted with the three human apoE isoforms. Removal by liver of mApoe-/-/mldlr-/- mice expressing the human LDLR was slightly greater than removal in the previous experiments with apoE3>E2> E3-Leiden. Thus, in vivo, human apoE2 is cleared primarily by LRP, apoE3-Leiden is cleared only by the LDLR, and apoE3 is cleared by both.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2199-2210
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1

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Keywords

  • LDL receptor
  • LDL receptor-related protein
  • Type III hyperlipidemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology

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