Circumferential bone grafting around an absorbable gelatin sponge core reduced the amount of grafted bone in the induced membrane technique for critical-size defects of long bones

Jae Woo Cho, Jinil Kim, Won Tae Cho, Jin Kak Kim, Jong Hoon Song, Hyung Jin Kim, Alain C. Masquelet, Jong Keon Oh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    22 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objectives The objectives of the study were to introduce a circumferential bone graft around an absorbable gelatin sponge core using an induced membrane technique, to assess its ability to reduce the required amount of graft and to maintain the bone graft, and to evaluate the clinical outcomes in the management of critical-size bone defects. Patients and methods Circumferential bone grafting using a staged induced membrane technique for managing critical-size bone defects was performed in 21 patients. Postoperative computed tomography scans were performed 7 days after Hemovac drain removal and 3 months after bone grafting. Volumetric measurements of the defect size, gelatin sponge proportion, and amount of grafted bone were performed by two independent observers using three-dimensional (3D) software. Results The critical-size defects were located at the metadiaphyseal area of 11 tibias, eight femurs, and two humeri. The average defect size was 8.9 cm in length and 65.2 cm3 in volume. The absorbable gelatin sponge core replaced 21.4% (average) of the defect volume. There was no significant deterioration in the shape of the grafted bone among the serial 3D models. Eighteen patients (86%) were healed radiographically at 9.1 months (average). Conclusion Our study suggests that circumferential bone grafting in association with the induced membrane technique could reduce the required amount of bone graft and adequately maintain graft position and shape, with favourable clinical outcomes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2292-2305
    Number of pages14
    JournalInjury
    Volume48
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct

    Keywords

    • Absorbable gelatin sponge
    • Autogenous bone graft
    • Critical-size bone defect
    • Induced membrane technique
    • Infected non-union
    • Posttraumatic osteomyelitis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Emergency Medicine
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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