Clinical and psychosocial factors associated with depression in patients with psychosis according to stage of illness

Sung Wan Kim, Jung Jin Kim, Bong Ju Lee, Je Chun Yu, Kyu Young Lee, Seung Hee Won, Seung Hwan Lee, Seung Hyun Kim, Shi Hyun Kang, Euitae Kim, Ju Yeon Lee, Jae Min Kim, Young Chul Chung

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Abstract

Aim: This study investigated the clinical characteristics and psychosocial factors associated with depression in patients with early psychosis according to stage of illness. Methods: The present study includes patients who fulfil the DSM-5 criteria for schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. Patients were divided into two groups according to illness stage (the acute stage of first-episode psychosis and stabilization phase of recent-onset psychosis). Clinically meaningful depression was defined as moderate or severe on the depression dimension of the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale in the DSM-5. Results: In total, 340 (207 first-episode and 133 recent-onset) patients were recruited in this study. Patients with comorbid depression were characterized by frequent suicidal ideation, a past suicide attempt, and lower scores on the Subjective Well-being Under Neuroleptics and Brief Resilience Scale in both groups. Long duration of untreated psychosis and higher scores on the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report were associated with depression in the acute stage of first-episode psychosis. In the stabilization phase of recent-onset psychosis group, a monthly income and scores for sexual desire and on the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale-III were significantly lower in patients with depression than in those without depression. Conclusion: Comorbid depression was associated with high suicidality, lower quality of life and poor resilience in patients with first-episode and recent-onset psychosis. Depression was associated with factors that had been present before the initiation of treatment in patients with first-episode psychosis and with environmental factors in those in the stabilization phase.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEarly Intervention in Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • cohort
  • depression
  • first-episode psychosis
  • schizophrenia
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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    Kim, S. W., Kim, J. J., Lee, B. J., Yu, J. C., Lee, K. Y., Won, S. H., Lee, S. H., Kim, S. H., Kang, S. H., Kim, E., Lee, J. Y., Kim, J. M., & Chung, Y. C. (2019). Clinical and psychosocial factors associated with depression in patients with psychosis according to stage of illness. Early Intervention in Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12806