Purpose: The entrance beam fluence of therapeutic proton scanning beams can be monitored using a gantry-attachable plastic scintillating plate (GAPSP). This study evaluated the clinical application of the GAPSP using a method that measures intensity modulated proton therapy (IMPT) beams for patient treatment. Methods: IMPT beams for the treatment of nine patients, at sites that included the spine, head and neck, pelvis, and lung, were measured using the GAPSP, composed of an EJ-212 plastic scintillator and a CMOS camera. All energy layers distinguished by the GAPSP were accumulated to determine the dose distribution of the treatment field. The evaluated fields were compared with reference dose maps verified by quality assurance. Results: Comparison of dose distributions of evaluation treatment fields with reference dose distributions showed that the 3%/1 mm average gamma passing rate was 96.4%, independent of the treatment site, energy range and field size. When dose distributions were evaluated using the same criteria for each energy layer, the average gamma passing rate was 91.7%. Conclusions: The GAPSP is a suitable, low-cost method for monitoring pencil beam scanning proton therapy, especially for non-spot scanning or additional collimation. The GAPSP can also estimate the treatment beam by the energy layer, a feature not common to other proton dosimetry tools.
- Dose monitoring
- Pencil beam scanning proton therapy
- Plastic scintillating plate
- Treatment beam verification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Physics and Astronomy(all)