Clinical benefits and oncologic equivalence of self-expandable metallic stent insertion for right-sided malignant colonic obstruction

Woong Bae Ji, Jung-Myun Kwak, Dong Woo Kang, Han Deok Kwak, Jun Won Um, Sun Il Lee, Byung Wook Min, Nak Song Sung, Jin Kim, Seon Hahn Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The efficacy of stenting for right-sided malignant colonic obstruction is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and clinical benefits of self-expandable metallic stent insertion for right-sided malignant colonic obstruction. Methods: Clinical data from patients who underwent right hemicolectomy for right colon cancer from January 2006 to July 2014 at three Korea University hospitals were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 39 patients who developed malignant obstruction in the right-sided colon were identified, and their data were analyzed. Results: Stent insertion was attempted in 16 patients, and initial technical success was achieved in 14 patients (87.5 %). No stent-related immediate complications were reported. Complete relief from obstruction was achieved in all 14 patients. Twenty-five patients, including two patients who failed stenting, underwent emergency surgery. In the stent group, 93 % (13/14) of patients underwent elective laparoscopic surgery, and only one surgery was converted to an open procedure. All patients in the emergency group underwent emergency surgery within 24 h of admission. In the emergency group, only 12 % (3/25) of patients underwent laparoscopic surgery, with one surgery converted to an open procedure. All patients in both groups underwent either laparoscopy-assisted or open right/extended right hemicolectomy with primary anastomoses as the first operation. The operative times, retrieved lymph nodes, and pathologic stage did not differ between the two groups. Postoperative hospital stay (9.4 ± 3.4 days in the stent group vs. 12.4 ± 5.9 in the emergency group, p = 0.089) and time to resume oral food intake (3.2 ± 2.1 days in the stent group vs. 5.7 ± 3.4 in the emergency group, p = 0.019) were shorter in the stent group. And there were no significant differences in disease-free survival and overall survival between the two groups. Conclusions: Stent insertion appears to be safe and feasible in patients with right-sided colonic malignant obstruction. It facilitates minimally invasive surgery and may result in better short-term surgical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-158
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Obstruction
  • Right colon cancer
  • Self-expandable metallic stent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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