Clinical implications of amyloid-beta accumulation in occipital lobes in alzheimer’s continuum

Jihye Hwang, Chan Mi Kim, Ji Eun Kim, Minyoung Oh, Jungsu S. Oh, Young Wook Yoon, Jae Seung Kim, Jae Hong Lee, Jee Hoon Roh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A substantial amount of amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulates in the occipital cortices; however, it draws less attention. We investigated the clinical implications of Aβ accumulation in the occipital lobes in the Alzheimer’s disease (AD) continuum. [18F]-Florbetaben amyloid PET scans were performed in a total of 121 AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients. Of the 121 patients, 74 Aβ positive patients were divided into occipital Aβ positive (OCC+) and occipital Aβ negative (OCC−) groups based on Aβ accumulation in the bilateral occipital lobes. The OCC+ group (41/74, 55.4%) was younger and had a younger age at onset than the OCC− group. The OCC+ group also had an increased standard uptake value ratio in the occipital lobes and greater cortical thinning in relevant areas. The OCC+ group had a higher global deterioration scale, lower performance for the copy, immediate recall, delayed recall, and recognition in Rey–Osterrieth Complex Figure tests than the OCC-group, although both groups had similar disease durations. AD or aMCI patients in the OCC+ group exhibited features noted in early onset AD with relevant neuropsychological and image findings. Occipital Aβ positivity in amyloid PET scans need to be considered as an underestimated marker of early onset AD continuum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1232
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep

Keywords

  • Alzheimer’s disease (AD)
  • Amyloid-beta (Aβ)
  • Occipital lobe
  • PET

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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