Background It is unclear whether simvastatin–ezetimibe could be an alternative therapy to high-intensity statin therapy in high-risk patients. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of simvastatin–ezetimibe and high-intensity statin therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and especially in those with high-risk factor. Methods A total of 3520 AMI patients in the KAMIR (Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry) were classified into simvastatin–ezetimibe group (n = 1249) and high-intensity statin group (n = 2271). Multivariate analysis and propensity-score matching analysis were performed. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 12-months follow-up. Results In overall AMI patients, MACE occurred in 116 patients (9.3%) in simvastatin–ezetimibe group and 116 patients (5.1%) in high-intensity statin group. The difference in MACE between groups was driven by repeat revascularization (5.9% vs. 2.2%). After propensity matching analysis, simvastatin–ezetimibe was associated with a higher incidence of MACE than high-intensity statin therapy (adjusted hazard ratio: 3.090, 95% confidence interval: 1.715 to 5.566, p < 0.001). However, in patients with high-risk factors, such as diabetes, old age, or heart failure, simvastatin-ezetimibe had similar incidence of MACE compared with high-intensity statin therapy in further adjusted analysis. Conclusions In overall AMI patients, high-intensity statin therapy had better clinical outcomes than simvastatin–ezetimibe. However, in patients with high-risk factor, simvastatin–ezetimibe had comparable clinical outcomes to high-intensity statin therapy. Therefore, simvastatin–ezetimibe could be used as an alternative to high-intensity statin therapy in such patients.
- Ezetimibe simvastatin combination
- Myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine