Clinical outcomes of ABO- and HLA-incompatible kidney transplantation: a nationwide cohort study

the Korean Organ Transplantation Registry Study Group

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This was a nationwide cohort study to investigate the impact of anti-A/B and donor-specific anti-HLA (HLA-DSA) antibodies on the clinical outcomes in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). We classified a total of 1964 KTRs into four groups: transplants from ABO-incompatible donors (ABOi, n = 248); transplants in recipients with HLA-DSA (HLAi, n = 144); transplants from combined ABOi and HLAi donors (ABOi + HLAi, n = 31); and a control group for whom neither ABOi nor HLAi was applicable (CONT, n = 1541). We compared the incidence of biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), allograft and patient survival rates. The incidence of BPAR was higher in the HLAi and ABOi + HLAi groups relative to the CONT group; in contrast, it was not higher in the ABOi group. Death-censored graft survival rates did not differ across the four groups. However, relative to the CONT group, patient survival rate was reduced in the ABOi and ABOi + HLAi groups, and with infection being the most common cause of death. Further, multivariable analysis revealed that desensitization therapy because of ABOi or HLAi was independent risk factors for patient mortality. HLAi was a more important risk factor for BPAR compared with ABOi. However, pretransplant desensitization therapy for either ABOi or HLAi significantly increased the risk of infection-related mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1225
Number of pages11
JournalTransplant International
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • ABO incompatibility
  • kidney transplantation
  • sensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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