Clinical outcomes of ileostomy closure according to timing during adjuvant chemotherapy after rectal cancer surgery

Yoo Jin Choi, Jung Myun Kwak, Neul Ha, Tae Hoon Lee, Se Jin Baek, Jin Kim, Seon Hahn Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: No guidelines exist detailing when to implement a temporary ileostomy closure in the setting of adjuvant chemotherapy following sphincter-saving surgery for rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and oncological outcomes of ileostomy closure during adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with curative resection of rectal cancer. Methods: This retrospective study investigated 220 patients with rectal cancer undergoing sphincter-saving surgery with protective loop ileostomy from January 2007 to August 2016. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (n = 161) who underwent stoma closure during adjuvant chemotherapy and group 2 (n = 59) who underwent stoma closure after adjuvant chemotherapy. Results: No significant differences were observed in operative time, blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, or postoperative complications in ileostomy closure between the 2 groups. No difference in overall survival (P = 0.959) or disease-free survival (P = 0.114) was observed between the 2 groups. Conclusion: Ileostomy closure during adjuvant chemotherapy was clinically safe, and interruption of chemotherapy due to ileostomy closure did not change oncologic outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Coloproctology
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Adjuvant chemotherapy
  • Ileostomy
  • Rectal neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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