Clinical usefulness of labchip real-time pcr using lab-on-a-chip technology for diagnosing malaria

Jeeyong Kim, Da Hye Lim, Do Cic Mihn, Jeonghun Nam, Woong Sik Jang, Chae Seung Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

As malaria remains a major health problem worldwide, various diagnostic tests have been developed, including microscopy-based and rapid diagnostic tests. LabChip real-time PCR (LRP) is a small and portable device used to diagnose malaria using lab-on-a-chip technology. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of LRP for detecting malaria parasites. Two hundred thirteen patients and 150 healthy individuals were enrolled from May 2009 to October 2015. A diagnostic detectability of LRP for malaria parasites was compared to that of conventional RT-PCR. Sensitivity of LRP for Plasmodium vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, and P. ovale was 95.5%, 96.0%, 100%, and 100%, respectively. Specificity of LRP for P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, and P. ovale was 100%, 99.3%, 100%, and 100%, respectively. Cohen’s Kappa coefficients between LRP and CFX96 for detecting P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, and P. ovale were 0.96, 0.98, 1.00, and 1.00, respectively. Significant difference was not observed between the results of LRP and conventional RT-PCR and microscopic examination. A time required to amplify DNAs using LRP and conventional RT-PCR was 27 min and 86 min, respectively. LRP amplified DNAs 2 times more fast than conventional RT-PCR due to the faster heat transfer. Therefore, LRP could be employed as a useful tool for detecting malaria parasites in clinical laboratories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-82
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Parasitology
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Lab chip
  • Malaria
  • Microfluidic
  • Plasmodium
  • Real-time PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

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