The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) is a stromal factor that promotes plasmablastic differentiation, and the survival of germinal center B-cells. The expression of TIMP-1 is known to be correlated with a subset of non-Hodgkin lymphoma at the mRNA level, and Epstein-Barr virus infection in vitro. To characterize TIMP-1(+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, TIMP-1 expression was investigated in tissue microarrays from 182 cases of de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and compared with prognostic factors, immunophenotypes, and Epstein-Barr virus infection status. TIMP-1 was expressed not only in tumor cells themselves, in 14 of 182 cases (8%), designated as TIMP-1(+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, but also in stromal cells like fibroblasts and endothelial cells. In univariate analysis and hierarchical clustering, our findings suggest that TIMP-1 expression may represent a distinct subgroup. In multivariate analysis, TIMP-1(+) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n=14) was associated with unfavorable outcomes compared to TIMP-1(-) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n=168) (odds ratio=2.5, P=0.049). Together with TIMP-1 expression, age (greater than 60 years), the presence of B-symptoms, abnormal lactate dehydrogenase level, or more advanced stage (III/IV) was correlated with a poor overall survival. However, TIMP-1 expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was not correlated with other prognostic factors including: clinical stage, international prognostic index score, and nongerminal center B-cell phenotype, as well as Epstein-Barr virus infection. Our results suggest that TIMP-1 expression may be an independent negative prognostic factor in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
- Tissue microarray
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine