The precise clinicopathologic significance of myeloid differentiation primary response gene (MYD88) L265P mutation in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs) remains elusive. To investigate the frequency and clinicopathologic significance of the MYD88 L265P mutation in DLBCLs, we conducted a meta-analysis of 40 published studies on 2736 DLBCL patients. We collected relevant published research findings identified using the PubMed and Embase databases. The effect sizes of outcome parameters were calculated using a random-effects model. In this meta-analysis, the MYD88 L265P mutation in DLBCL showed a significant difference according to tumor sites. The overall incidence of the MYD88 L265P mutation in DLBCLs, excluding the central nervous system and testicular DLBCLs, was 16.5%. Notably, the MYD88 L265P mutation rates of CNS and testicular DLBCL patients were 60% and 77%, respectively. Interestingly, the MYD88 L265P mutation was more frequently detected in activated B-cell-like (ABC) or non-germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) than GCB subtype (OR = 3.414, p < 0.001). The MYD88 L265P mutation was significantly associated with old age and poor overall survival, but not with sex and clinical stage. This pooled analysis demonstrates that the MYD88 L265P mutation is significantly associated with the tumor sites and molecular subtypes in DLBCL patients.
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