Nanostructure of semiconductor type gas sensors that are high sensitivity, fast response time, inexpensive, and easily fabricated, is suggested. One-dimensional (1D) nanostructures, such as nanorods, and hollow spheres, are attracting particularly great interest because of their large specific surface area and their inherent physical properties. This study combined with ZnCl 2 (6.95 g, Sigma-Aldrich), Al(NO3)3· 9H2O (Junsei), NaOH, ethanol, and deionized water (DI) by hydrothermal synthesis to manufacture, spherical, hollow, hierarchical, and nanorod. The same Aldoped ZnO (AZO) were prepared by a colloidal template on a Si wafer to make a 3D igloo structure as well. Sensitivity to carbon monoxide at 50 ppm was tested at 250°C the compare the sensing properties. Gas sensitivity of the hierarchical structure showed the highest sensitivity at 31.8, a figure 7 times that of the packed spherical sphere, whereas the igloo structure gave the fastest response speed of 32 s. The results of various shapes of the AZO nanostructures demonstrated high sensitivity and quick response time, which is useful in the detection of harmful gases in automobiles and the atmosphere.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)