Background and Objective: Batroxobin, a snake venom thrombin-like enzyme, converts fibrinogen into fibrin by cleaving fibrinopeptide A. It is used for hemostasis; however, the supply of native batroxobin is limited. Therefore, we developed a recombinant batroxobin (r-batroxobin) from Pichia pastoris and evaluated its pharmacodynamics and safety in humans. Methods: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single ascending-dose study was performed. Eight healthy subjects were enrolled in each r-batroxobin dose group (2.5, 5.0, or 10.0 BU/2.0 mL administered intravenously), and randomized to receive r-batroxobin (n = 6) or matching placebo (n = 2). Safety was evaluated during the study, and pharmacodynamics was assessed using prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), thrombin time (TT), and fibrinogen level. Results: All subjects in each cohort completed the study. No significant changes in PT or aPTT occurred after intravenous r-batroxobin administration. Compared with the placebo group, the fibrinogen level in all r-batroxobin dose groups decreased significantly to 8.68–33.57% from the baseline within 12 h (p ≤ 0.05). The TT in the 5.0 and 10.0 BU/2.0 mL groups significantly increased to 7.53–18.48% from baseline within 12 h compared with that of the placebo group (p ≤ 0.05), whereas that of the 2.5 BU/2.0 mL group exhibited non-significant changes compared with the placebo group. No serious adverse events occurred. Conclusions: A single intravenous injection of r-batroxobin within a dose range of 2.5–10.0 BU/2.0 mL was well tolerated and resulted in a significant decrease in fibrinogen and prolongation of TT. Registration: This study is registered at the Clinical Research Information Service (CRIS, http://cris.nih.go.kr), number KCT0002518.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)