Coarse woody debris (CWD) respiration (R<inf>CWD</inf>) has strengths in efficient investigation of CWD decomposition rate and application into studies on ecosystem carbon (C) processes. Here, R<inf>CWD</inf> was investigated in two Japanese red pine forests to determine its response to environmental factors and CWD properties, and its contribution to the ecosystem C budget. Samples were collected based on CWD position (log or snag), species (pine or deciduous), and decay class in the Gwangneung pine forest (GPF) and the Mt. Jumbong pine forest (JPF), Korea. R<inf>CWD</inf> was measured at different incubation temperatures using a closed chamber system. Annual R<inf>CWD</inf> was estimated by developing and applying air temperature–R<inf>CWD</inf> regressions to air temperature data. In the GPF, annual estimated R<inf>CWD</inf> (g C kg<sup>−1</sup> year<sup>−1</sup>) was 29.54, 3.90, and 158.95 for pine logs, pine snags, and deciduous logs, respectively. In the JPF, R<inf>CWD</inf> was 49.09 for pine logs and 14.55 for pine snags. Temperature and CWD moisture were the main drivers of R<inf>CWD</inf>. CWD species also influenced R<inf>CWD</inf>, possibly by supporting different habitats for microbes and invertebrates. R<inf>CWD</inf> in the GPF accounted for approximately 4 % of heterotrophic respiration and 54 % of the CWD decomposition rate. In the JPF, R<inf>CWD</inf> was approximately equal to the CWD decomposition rate. R<inf>CWD</inf> might constitute a minor portion of the net ecosystem production (4 % in the GPF), because of the relatively high stand productivities and small CWD masses. In the GPF, the major factor influencing R<inf>CWD</inf> was mortality, whereas moisture had the greatest influence on R<inf>CWD</inf> in the JPF.
- Coarse woody debris decomposition
- Mt. Jumbong
- Net ecosystem production
- Pinus densiflora
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics