Cognitive dysfunction and hippocampal damage induced by hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and prolonged febrile convulsions in immature rats

Jung Hye Byeon, Gun Ha Kim, Joo Yeon Kim, Woong Sun, Hyun Kim, Baik-Lin Eun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and prolonged febrile seizures (pFS) are common neurologic problems that occur during childhood. However, there is insufficient evidence from experimental studies to conclude that pFS directly induces hippocampal injury. We studied cognitive function and histological changes in a rat model and investigated which among pFS, HIE, or a dual pathologic effect is most detrimental to the health of children. Methods: A rat model of HIE at postnatal day (PD) 7 and a pFS model at PD10 were used. Behavioral and cognitive functions were investigated by means of weekly open field tests from postnatal week (PW) 3 to PW7, and by daily testing with the Morris water maze test at PW8. Pathological changes in the hippocampus were observed in the control, pFS, HIE, and HIE+pFS groups at PW9. Results: The HIE priming group showed a seizure-prone state. The Morris water maze test revealed a decline in cognitive function in the HIE and HIE+pFS groups compared with the pFS and control groups. Additionally, the HIE and HIE+pFS groups showed significant hippocampal neuronal damage, astrogliosis, and volume loss, after maturation. The pFS alone induced minimal hippocampal neuronal damage without astrogliosis or volume loss. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that pFS alone causes no considerable memory or behavioral impairment, or cellular change. In contrast, HIE results in lasting memory impairment and neuronal damage, gliosis, and tissue loss. These findings may contribute to the understanding of the developing brain concerning conditions caused by HIE or pFS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Febrile seizure
  • Hippocampal injury
  • Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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