Colorimetric evaluation of white spot lesions following external bleaching with fluoridation: An in-vitro study

Yoon Young Choi, Dong Yul Lee, Yae Jin Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    Objective: This study was performed to investigate the effects of external tooth bleaching with flouridation on the appearance of white spot lesions (WSLs) in vitro. Methods: In total, 125 bracket-bonded bovine incisor enamel blocks with artificial WSLs were randomly divided into a control group and four treatment groups (home bleaching, home bleaching + fluoridation, in-office bleaching, and in-office bleaching + fluoridation). A spectroradiometer (SR) and digital images (DIs) were used to evaluate colorimetric parameters (Commission Internationale l’Eclairage L*a*b*) for all specimens. Color measurements were obtained before WSL formation (T1), after WSL formation (T2), and after completion of the external tooth bleaching treatment (T3). Results: The SR-based color change after bleaching was significantly greater in the treatment groups than in the control group (p < 0.05). SR-based lightness (L*) and red-green (a*) values were significantly higher at T2 than at T1 (p < 0.001), with no significant changes in yellow-blue (b*) values. At T3, SR-based L* values had increased while a* and b* values had decreased in the treatment groups (p < 0.001). The DI-based color difference between the sound enamel and WSL areas (DE*DI) increased significantly from T1 to T2 in all groups (p < 0.001) and significantly decreased from T2 to T3 in the treatment groups (p < 0.001). No significant differences in DE*DI at T3 were shown between the four treatment groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The findings of this study suggested that external tooth bleaching with fluoridation can alleviate the conspicuity of WSLs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)377-383
    Number of pages7
    JournalKorean Journal of Orthodontics
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov


    • External tooth bleaching
    • Fluoride
    • White spot lesions

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Orthodontics


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