Combined effect of biochar and soil moisture on soil chemical properties and microbial community composition in microplastic-contaminated agricultural soil

Pavani Dulanja Dissanayake, Kumuduni Niroshika Palansooriya, Mee Kyung Sang, Dongyeop X. Oh, Jeyoung Park, Sung Yeon Hwang, Avanthi Deshani Igalavithana, Cheng Gu, Yong Sik Ok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Accumulation of microplastics (MPs) in agricultural environments has caused growing concern in recent years because of its detrimental impacts on soil quality, crop productivity and ecosystem function. This study was conducted to assess the impact of biochar on soil chemical and microbial properties in a MP-contaminated soil under two moisture regimes. Soil was contaminated with 1% (w/w) of low-density polyethylene MPs. Four types of standard biochar, that is, oil seed rape (OSR) biochar produced at 550°C (OSR 550) and 700°C (OSR 700) and soft wood pellet (SWP) biochar produced at 550°C (SWP 550) and 700°C (SWP 700), were applied at a rate of 5% (w/w). The control was maintained without MP addition. The samples were incubated in soil with two moisture regimes, that is, at 30% and 70% of the water holding capacity, and the soil chemical and microbiological properties were assessed after 100 days of incubation. OSR biochar application significantly increased soil pH (8.53–8.81) and electrical conductivity (0.51–0.58 dS/m) in both moisture regimes. The effect of biochar application on soil enzyme activity and microbial community composition did not show a clear trend. However, SWP 700 biochar improved soil enzyme activity compared with that of the control and improved bacterial diversity and evenness compared with those of other biochars, which was attributed to the high surface area available for microbial colonization. Low soil moisture content significantly reduced enzyme activity and bacterial richness even with biochar amendment, except for SWP 550 biochar. This study implies the suitability of biochar for improvement of soil quality in MP contaminated soil under both moisture regimes. However, further long-term studies are needed to get a clear understanding on the impact of different types of biochar on MP-contaminated soil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1458
Number of pages13
JournalSoil Use and Management
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Keywords

  • UN SDGs
  • low-density polyethylene
  • plastic mulch
  • sustainable waste management
  • waste valorization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution

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