This study was to evaluate the combined effects of the CYP3A4 inhibitor itraconazole and the CYP2D6*10 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of haloperidol, a substrate of both CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, in healthy subjects. Nineteen healthy volunteers whose CYP2D6 genotypes were predetermined were enrolled (9 for CYP2D6*1/*1 and 10 for CYP2D6*10/*10). Four subjects (1 for CYP2D6*1/*1 and 3 for CYP2D6*10/*10) did not complete the study because of adverse events. The pharmacokinetics of haloperidol and its pharmacodynamic effects measured by QTc prolongation and neurologic side effects were evaluated after a single dose of 5 mg haloperidol following a pretreatment of placebo or itraconazole at 200 mg/d for 10 days in a randomized crossover manner. Itraconazole pretreatment increased the mean area under the time-concentration curves (AUCs) of haloperidol by 55% compared to placebo pretreatment (21.7 ± 11.3 vs 33.5 ± 29.3 ng h/mL). The subjects with CYP2D6*10/*10 genotype showed 81% higher AUC compared to that of subjects with CYP2D6*1/*1 genotype (27.6 ± 22.2 vs 50.2 ± 47.1 ng h/mL). In the presence of itraconazole, subjects with CYP2D6*10/*10 showed 3-fold higher AUC of haloperidol compared to that of placebo pretreated subjects with CYP2D6*1/*1 genotype (21.7 ± 11.3 vs 66.7 ± 62.1 ng h/mL; P < 0.05). The CYP2D6*10/*10 genotype and itraconazole pretreatment decreased the oral clearance of haloperidol by 24% and 25%, respectively, but without a statistical significance. In the subjects with both CYP2D6*10/*10 genotype and itraconazole pretreatment, however, the oral clearance was significantly decreased to 42% of subjects with wild genotype in the placebo pretreatment (4.7 ± 3.6 vs 2.0 ± 1.9 L/h/kg; P < 0.05). Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS) of subjects with CYP2D6*10/*10 in the presence of itraconazole pretreatment was significantly higher than that of subjects with CYP2D6*1/*1 genotype in the period of placebo pretreatment. Except for this, all other pharmacodynamic estimations did not reach to statistical significance although each CYP2D6*10 genotype and itraconazole pretreatment caused higher value of UKU side effect and BARS scores. The moderate effect of CYP2D6*10 genotype on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of haloperidol seems to be augmented by the presence of itraconazole pretreatment.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2006 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Pharmacology (medical)