Comments on the Linux FAT32 allocator and file creation order reconstruction [Digit Investig 11(4), 224-233]

Wan Yeon Lee, Hyuckmin Kwon, Heejo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Minnaard proposed a novel method that constructs a creation time bound of files recovered without time information. The method exploits a relationship between the creation order of files and their locations on a storage device managed with the Linux FAT32 file system. This creation order reconstruction method is valid only in non-wraparound situations, where the file creation time in a former position is earlier than that in a latter position. In this article, we show that if the Linux FAT32 file allocator traverses the storage space more than once, the creation time of a recovered file is possibly earlier than that of a former file and possibly later than that of a latter file on the Linux FAT32 file system. Also it is analytically verified that there are at most. n candidates for the creation time bound of each recovered file where. n is the number of traversals by the file allocator. Our analysis is evaluated by examining file allocation patterns of two commercial in-car dashboard cameras.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDigital Investigation
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2015



  • Creation time
  • FAT32
  • Linux file system
  • Recovered file

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

Cite this