Community structures and antagonistic activities of the bacteria associated with surface-sterilized pepper plants grown in different field soils

Sin Ae Kang, Jae Woo Han, Beom Seok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endophytic bacteria may act individually or in consortia in controlling certain plant diseases. In this study, pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Nokkwang) were cultivated in glasshouse conditions using field soils collected from two different geographic locations, Deokso (DS) and Gwangyang (GY) in Korea. Community structure and antifungal activity of pepper endophytic bacteria were analyzed using culture-independent (PCR-DGGE) and culture-dependent (plating) methods, respectively. Dissimilarities were observed between DGGE profiles of DS and GY samples at all plant tissues. However, sequencing of the major DGGE bands revealed an enrichment of Firmicutes in the leaves of plants propagated in either soil. Similar results were observed with the culturable assays. Firmicutes dominated the isolates from both leaf samples, DS leaf (100 %) and GY leaf (83.3 %), although the genus compositions of DS leaf and GY leaf isolates were different. We assessed the antifungal activity of each isolate recovered to better understand the potential role that these endophytic bacteria may play. Of the 27 representative isolates from DS plant samples, 17 isolates (63.0 %) had antagonistic activity against at least one of the fungi tested. Seventeen isolates from GY plant samples (58.6 %) displayed antagonistic properties. The results show that the endophytic communities differ in the same plant species when propagated in different soils. Exploring the internal tissues of plants growing in diverse soil environments could be a way to find potential candidates for biocontrol agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Microbiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016 Aug 30

Keywords

  • Bacterial antagonists
  • Endophytic bacteria
  • Firmicutes
  • PCR-DGGE
  • Pepper plants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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