Comparative efficacy and safety of 100 mg and 200 mg filgotinib administered to patients with active rheumatoid arthritis: A Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials


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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We assessed the relative efficacy and safety of once-daily administration of 100 and 200 mg filgotinib (a JAK1-selective inhibitor) in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a Bayesian network meta-analysis combining the direct and indirect evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that examined the efficacy and safety of filgotinib in patients with active RA. RESULTS: Five RCTs involving 3,920 patients met the inclusion criteria. There were 15 pairwise comparisons, including 8 direct comparisons and 7 interventions. The ACR20 response rate was significantly higher in the filgotinib 200 mg + methotrexate (MTX) group than in the placebo or placebo + MTX group (odds ratio (OR): 12.39, 95% credible interval (CrI): 3.36 - 45.98.10; OR: 2.68, 95% CrI: 1.80 - 4.39). Compared to the placebo group, the filgotinib 100 mg, adalimumab 40 mg + MTX, filgotinib 200 mg, and placebo + MTX groups showed a significantly higher ACR20 response rate. The ranking probability based on the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) indicated filgotinib 200 mg + MTX was likely to achieve the best ACR20 response rate (SUCRA = 0.902), followed by filgotinib 100 mg + MTX (SUCRA = 0.694), filgotinib 100 mg (SUCRA = 0.675), adalimumab 40 mg + MTX (SUCRA = 0.661), filgotinib 200 mg (SUCRA = 0.305), placebo + MTX (SUCRA = 0.259), and placebo (SUCRA = 0.005). The safety based on the number of serious adverse events (SAEs) did not differ significantly among 6 six interventions. CONCLUSION: Filgotinib 100 and 200 mg administration once daily in combination with MTX was the most efficacious intervention for active RA, with no significant risk of SAEs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalInternational journal of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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