Streptomyces rapamycinicus NRRL 5491 is a well-known producer of rapamycin, a secondary metabolite with useful bioactivities, including antifungal, antitumor, and immunosuppressive functions. For the enhanced rapamycin production, a rapamycin-overproducing strain SRMK07 was previously obtained as a result of random mutagenesis. To identify genomic changes that allowed the SRMK07 strain’s enhanced rapamycin production, genomes of the NRRL 5491 and SRMK07 strains were newly sequenced in this study. The resulting genome sequences of the wild-type and SRMK07 strains showed the size of 12.47 Mbp and 9.56 Mbp, respectively. Large deletions were observed at both end regions of the SRMK07 strain’s genome, which cover 17 biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs) encoding secondary metabolites. Also, genes in a genomic region containing the rapamycin BGC were shown to be duplicated. Finally, comparative metabolic network analysis using these two strains’ genome-scale metabolic models revealed biochemical reactions with different metabolic fluxes, which were all associated with NADPH generation. Taken together, the genomic and computational approaches undertaken in this study suggest biological clues for the enhanced rapamycin production of the SRMK07 strain. These clues can also serve as a basis for systematic engineering of a production host for further enhanced rapamycin production.
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