Comparative investigation of endurance and bias temperature instability characteristics in metal-Al2O3-nitride-oxide-semiconductor (MANOS) and semiconductor-oxide-nitride-oxide-semiconductor (SONOS) charge trap flash memory

Dae Hwan Kim, Sungwook Park, Yujeong Seo, Tae Geun Kim, Dong Myong Kim, Il Hwan Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The program/erase (P/E) cyclic endurances including bias temperature instability (BTI) behaviors of Metal-Al2O3-Nitride-Oxide-Semicon-ductor (MANOS) memories are investigated in comparison with those of Semiconductor-Oxide-Nitride-Oxide-Semiconductor (SONOS) memories. In terms of BTI behaviors, the SONOS power-law exponent n is ~0.3 independent of the P/E cycle and the temperature in the case of programmed cell, and 0.36~0.66 sensitive to the temperature in case of erased cell. Physical mechanisms are observed with thermally activated h* diffusion-induced Si/SiO2 interface trap (NIT) curing and Poole-Frenkel emission of holes trapped in border trap in the bottom oxide (NOT). In terms of the BTI behavior in MANOS memory cells, the power-law exponent is n=0.4~0.9 in the programmed cell and n=0.65~1.2 in the erased cell, which means that the power law is strong function of the number of P/E cycles, not of the temperature. Related mechanism is can be explained by the competition between the cycle-induced degradation of P/E efficiency and the temperature-controlled h* diffusion followed by NIT passivation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-457
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Semiconductor Technology and Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec


  • Bias temperature instability
  • Interface trap
  • MANOS memory
  • SONOS memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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