Comparative Study of Magnetic Characteristics of Air-core and Iron-core High-temperature Superconducting Quadrupole Magnets

Jeyull Lee, Junseong Kim, Geonwoo Baek, Yojong Choi, Yoon Hyuck Choi, Zhan Zhang, Yoon Do Chung, Hyoungku Kang, Haigun Lee, Sangjin Lee, Tae Kuk Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


High-temperature superconductors (HTSs) have a much larger thermal margin than low-temperature superconductors (LTSs), owing to their high critical temperatures. This characteristic allows HTS magnets to tolerate extremely high heat loads that may arise from radiation. Therefore, research on the development of HTS quadrupole magnets is progressing widely. Quadrupole magnets are commonly used for focusing the transported beams of particles in accelerators. In order to focus the beam, the quadrupole magnet uses an iron yoke with a hyperbolic contour. However, the iron yoke induces nonlinear magnetic characteristics because of saturation. Therefore, an air-core HTS quadrupole magnet is proposed, to improve the magnetic characteristics. In this paper, we design air-core and iron-core HTS quadrupole magnet models using a harmonic matching method. The field gradient and effective length of both magnets are 12.1 T/m and 550 mm, respectively. In order to verify the performances of the proposed air-core quadrupole magnet, the magnetic field gradient, field uniformity, and effective length are analyzed for operating currents ranging from 50 to 400 A.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017 Dec 21


  • Air-core quadrupole magnet
  • Atmospheric modeling
  • effective length
  • evolution strategy
  • field gradient
  • field uniformity
  • High-temperature superconductors
  • Iron
  • Magnetic cores
  • Magnetic separation
  • Saturation magnetization
  • Superconducting magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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