Comparison and evaluation of marginal and internal gaps in cobalt-chromium alloy copings fabricated using subtractive and additive manufacturing

Dong Yeon Kim, Ji Hwan Kim, Hae-Young Kim, Woong Chul Kim

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Purpose: To evaluate the marginal and internal gaps of cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) alloy copings fabricated using subtractive and additive manufacturing. Methods: A study model of an abutment tooth 46 was prepared by a 2-step silicone impression with dental stone. Fifteen stereolithography files for Co-Cr alloy copings were compiled using a model scanner and dental CAD software. Using the lost wax (LW), wax block (WB), soft metal block (SMB), microstereolithography (μ-SLA), and selected laser melting (SLM) techniques, 15 Co-Cr alloy copings were fabricated per group. The marginal and internal gaps of these Co-Cr alloy copings were measured using a digital microscope (160×), and the data obtained were analyzed using the non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis H-test and post-hoc Mann-Whitney U-test with Bonferroni correction. Results: The mean values of the marginal, axial wall, and occlusal gaps were 91.8, 83.4, and 163. μm in the LW group; 94.2, 77.5, and 122. μm in the WB group; 60.0, 79.4, and 90.8. μm in the SMB group; 154, 72.4, and 258. μm in the μ-SLA group; and 239, 73.6, and 384. μm in the SLM group, respectively. The differences in the marginal and occlusal gaps between the 5 groups were statistically significant (P. <. .05). Conclusions: The marginal gaps of the LW, WB, and SMB groups were within the clinically acceptable limit, but further improvements in the μ-SLA and SLM approaches may be required prior to clinical implementation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Prosthodontic Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017



  • Additive manufacturing
  • Cobalt-chromium
  • Internal gap
  • Marginal gap

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)

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