Background: Multiple options are available for closure of incisions in ankle fracture surgery. The aim of our study was to compare postoperative outcomes between conventional simple interrupted nylon sutures and 2-octyl cyanoacrylate as a topical skin adhesive to close the incision after ankle fracture surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 367 consecutive patients (174 simple interrupted nylon suture patients and 193 topical skin adhesive patients) who underwent operative treatment for ankle fracture between 2010 and 2015. Development of wound complications, operative time, Olerud–Molander Ankle Score (OMAS), and patient satisfaction with the wound were compared. The demographics between the 2 groups were not different. Results: There were no differences in complication rates (P =.861), OMAS at 3 months or 12 months following surgery (P =.897 and.646, respectively) between the 2 types of wound closure. Operative time was 9 minutes shorter when topical skin adhesive was used compared to nylon sutures (P =.003). Patient satisfaction with their wound was significantly higher in the topical skin adhesive group than the nylon skin suture group (P =.012). Conclusions: The use of 2-octyl cyanoacrylate topical skin adhesive for wound closure following ankle fracture surgery was effective, safe, and showed higher patient satisfaction compared to simple interrupted nylon sutures. Although caution should be taken because of the insufficient statistical power of complications, this method was an additional safe option for wound closure in ankle fracture surgery. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative study.
- 2-octyl cyanoacrylate
- ankle fracture
- simple interrupted nylon suture
- topical skin adhesive
- wound closure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine