Comparison of organic compositions in dust storm and normal aerosol samples collected at Gosan, Jeju Island, during spring 2005

Gehui Wang, Kimitaka Kawamura, Meehye Lee

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44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To better understand the current physical and chemical properties of East Asian aerosols, an intensive observation of atmospheric particles was conducted at Gosan site, Jeju Island, South Korea during 2005 spring. Total suspended particle (TSP) samples were collected using pre-combusted quartz filters and a high-volume air sampler with the time intervals ranging from 3 h to 48 h. The kinds and amount of various organic compounds were measured in the samples using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Among the 99 target compounds detected, saccharides (average, 130 ± 14 ng m-3), fatty acids (73 ± 7 ng m-3), alcohols (41 ± 4 ng m-3), n-alkanes (32 ± 3 ng m-3), and phthalates (21 ± 2 ng m-3) were found to be major compound classes with polyols/polyacids, lignin and resin products, PAHs, sterols and aromatic acids being minor. Compared to the previous results reported for 2001 late spring samples, no significant changes were found in the levels of their concentrations and compositions for 4 years, although the economy in East Asia, especially in China, has sharply expanded from 2001 to 2005. During the campaign at Gosan site, we encountered two distinct dust storm episodes with high TSP concentrations. The first dust event occurred on March 28, which was characterized by a predominance of secondary organic aerosols. The second event that occurred on the next day (March 29) was found to be characterized by primary organic aerosols associated with forest fires in Siberia/northeastern China. A significant variation in the molecular compositions, which was found within a day, suggests that the compositions of East Asian aerosols are heterogeneous due to multi-contributions from different source regions together with different pathways of long-range atmospheric transport of particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Asian dust storm
  • Hydrophobic organic compounds
  • Levoglucosan
  • Lipids
  • Molecular compositions
  • Organic aerosols
  • Water-soluble organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)

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