Comparison of posterior capsule rupture rate during phacoemulsification by novice ophthalmologists: Microscope vs. Intracameral illumination

Yu Jeong Kim, Hyejin Seo, Jong Hwan Lee, Seong Woo Kim, Tae Young Chung, Sung Jin Lee, Kyu Hyung Park, Dong Heun Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We compared the posterior capsule rupture (PCR) rate between microscope versus intracameral illumination in phacoemulsification surgery performed by novice ophthalmologists. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 300 eyes of 211 patients who underwent phacoemulsification by novice ophthalmologists from March 2012 to October 2017. Novice ophthalmologists (n = 6) were divided into those using microscope illumination (n = 4) and intracameral illumination users (n = 2). The first 50 cataract surgery cases of each novice ophthalmologist were reviewed. The results using a phacoemulsification machine and microscopy were the same. The intraoperative complications and learning curve in each case were evaluated. Results: Phacoemulsifications performed by novice ophthalmologists showed a statistically significant difference in PCR rate between the microscope illumination (19.0%, 38/200) and intracameral illumination (4.0%, 4/100) groups (p = 0.001). The incidence of PCR was reduced to 22%, 18%, 16%, 12%, and 8% per 10 cases in the microscope group, while it was 15% in the first 10 cases and 0% in 50 cases thereafter in the intracameral illumination group. Conclusions: Novice surgeons had a lower PCR rate during cataract surgery using intracameral illumination than using microscope illumination. Both groups showed a tendency for the PCR to decrease with increasing surgical cases, but the intracameral illumination group showed a shorter learning curve.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)654-660
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean Ophthalmological Society
Volume60
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Intracameral illumination
  • Learning curve
  • Novice ophthalmologist
  • Phacoemulsification
  • Posterior capsule rupture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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