Comparison of the effects of water- and land-based exercises on the physical function and quality of life in community-dwelling elderly people with history of falling: A single-blind, randomized controlled trial

Se Jun Oh, Jong Min Lim, Yushin Kim, Min Seock Kim, Woon Gang Song, Bum-Chul Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of water-based exercises on the physical functions and quality of life (QOL) in community-dwelling elderly people with history of falling. Materials and methods: Participants were randomly assigned to the water-based exercise group (. n=. 34) or land-based exercise groups (. n=. 32). To identify the effects on physical functions, muscle strength, flexibility, and mobility were measured. QOL and fear of falling were evaluated using the Short Form 36-item questionnaire and the modified falls efficacy scale (M-FES). The measurements were performed before and after the 10-week training period. Results: Within-group analysis indicated that hip abduction and adduction strength improved significantly in both groups (. p=. 0.005; p=. 0.007). However, no statistically significant within-group differences were found in the back scratch test (. p=. 0.766) and chair sit-and-reach test (. p=. 0.870). QOL was significantly different in both groups (health transition: p=. 0.014, physical functioning: p<. 0.001, role physical: p<. 0.001, role emotional: p=. 0.002, bodily pain: p<. 0.001, vitality: p<. 0.001, and mental health: p<. 0.001). There was a significant difference in the M-FES in both groups (. p=. 0.040). Conclusions: These results indicate that water-based exercises are beneficial to improve the QOL, as well as physical activities, of community-dwelling elderly compared with land-based exercise. Water-based exercises would be useful to improve physical and psychological health in the elderly people with history of falling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-293
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Accidental Falls
Independent Living
quality of life
Randomized Controlled Trials
Quality of Life
Exercise
water
Water
history
community
Group
Health Transition
abduction
Muscle Strength
health
Fear
pain
Hip
Mental Health
flexibility

Keywords

  • Community-dwelling elderly
  • Fear of falling
  • Land-based exercises
  • Physical functions
  • Quality of life
  • Water-based exercises

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

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title = "Comparison of the effects of water- and land-based exercises on the physical function and quality of life in community-dwelling elderly people with history of falling: A single-blind, randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of water-based exercises on the physical functions and quality of life (QOL) in community-dwelling elderly people with history of falling. Materials and methods: Participants were randomly assigned to the water-based exercise group (. n=. 34) or land-based exercise groups (. n=. 32). To identify the effects on physical functions, muscle strength, flexibility, and mobility were measured. QOL and fear of falling were evaluated using the Short Form 36-item questionnaire and the modified falls efficacy scale (M-FES). The measurements were performed before and after the 10-week training period. Results: Within-group analysis indicated that hip abduction and adduction strength improved significantly in both groups (. p=. 0.005; p=. 0.007). However, no statistically significant within-group differences were found in the back scratch test (. p=. 0.766) and chair sit-and-reach test (. p=. 0.870). QOL was significantly different in both groups (health transition: p=. 0.014, physical functioning: p<. 0.001, role physical: p<. 0.001, role emotional: p=. 0.002, bodily pain: p<. 0.001, vitality: p<. 0.001, and mental health: p<. 0.001). There was a significant difference in the M-FES in both groups (. p=. 0.040). Conclusions: These results indicate that water-based exercises are beneficial to improve the QOL, as well as physical activities, of community-dwelling elderly compared with land-based exercise. Water-based exercises would be useful to improve physical and psychological health in the elderly people with history of falling.",
keywords = "Community-dwelling elderly, Fear of falling, Land-based exercises, Physical functions, Quality of life, Water-based exercises",
author = "Oh, {Se Jun} and Lim, {Jong Min} and Yushin Kim and Kim, {Min Seock} and Song, {Woon Gang} and Bum-Chul Yoon",
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T1 - Comparison of the effects of water- and land-based exercises on the physical function and quality of life in community-dwelling elderly people with history of falling

T2 - A single-blind, randomized controlled trial

AU - Oh, Se Jun

AU - Lim, Jong Min

AU - Kim, Yushin

AU - Kim, Min Seock

AU - Song, Woon Gang

AU - Yoon, Bum-Chul

PY - 2015/3/1

Y1 - 2015/3/1

N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of water-based exercises on the physical functions and quality of life (QOL) in community-dwelling elderly people with history of falling. Materials and methods: Participants were randomly assigned to the water-based exercise group (. n=. 34) or land-based exercise groups (. n=. 32). To identify the effects on physical functions, muscle strength, flexibility, and mobility were measured. QOL and fear of falling were evaluated using the Short Form 36-item questionnaire and the modified falls efficacy scale (M-FES). The measurements were performed before and after the 10-week training period. Results: Within-group analysis indicated that hip abduction and adduction strength improved significantly in both groups (. p=. 0.005; p=. 0.007). However, no statistically significant within-group differences were found in the back scratch test (. p=. 0.766) and chair sit-and-reach test (. p=. 0.870). QOL was significantly different in both groups (health transition: p=. 0.014, physical functioning: p<. 0.001, role physical: p<. 0.001, role emotional: p=. 0.002, bodily pain: p<. 0.001, vitality: p<. 0.001, and mental health: p<. 0.001). There was a significant difference in the M-FES in both groups (. p=. 0.040). Conclusions: These results indicate that water-based exercises are beneficial to improve the QOL, as well as physical activities, of community-dwelling elderly compared with land-based exercise. Water-based exercises would be useful to improve physical and psychological health in the elderly people with history of falling.

AB - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of water-based exercises on the physical functions and quality of life (QOL) in community-dwelling elderly people with history of falling. Materials and methods: Participants were randomly assigned to the water-based exercise group (. n=. 34) or land-based exercise groups (. n=. 32). To identify the effects on physical functions, muscle strength, flexibility, and mobility were measured. QOL and fear of falling were evaluated using the Short Form 36-item questionnaire and the modified falls efficacy scale (M-FES). The measurements were performed before and after the 10-week training period. Results: Within-group analysis indicated that hip abduction and adduction strength improved significantly in both groups (. p=. 0.005; p=. 0.007). However, no statistically significant within-group differences were found in the back scratch test (. p=. 0.766) and chair sit-and-reach test (. p=. 0.870). QOL was significantly different in both groups (health transition: p=. 0.014, physical functioning: p<. 0.001, role physical: p<. 0.001, role emotional: p=. 0.002, bodily pain: p<. 0.001, vitality: p<. 0.001, and mental health: p<. 0.001). There was a significant difference in the M-FES in both groups (. p=. 0.040). Conclusions: These results indicate that water-based exercises are beneficial to improve the QOL, as well as physical activities, of community-dwelling elderly compared with land-based exercise. Water-based exercises would be useful to improve physical and psychological health in the elderly people with history of falling.

KW - Community-dwelling elderly

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KW - Physical functions

KW - Quality of life

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