Comparison of the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose amlodipinelosartan and losartan in hypertensive patients inadequately controlled with losartan: A randomized, double-blind, multicenter study

Bum Kee Hong, Chang Gyu Park, Ki Sik Kim, Myeong Ho Yoon, Ho Joong Yoon, Jeong Han Yoon, Joo Young Yang, Young Jin Choi, Seung Yun Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Fixed-dose combination drugs may enhance blood pressure (BP) goal attainment through complementary effects and reduced side effects, which leads to better compliance. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety profiles of once-daily combination amlodipine/ losartan versus losartan. Methods: This was an 8-week, double-blind, multicenter, randomized phase III study conducted in outpatient hospital clinics. Korean patients with essential hypertension inadequately controlled on losartan 100mg were administered amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg combination versus losartan 100 mg. The main outcome measures were changes in sitting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and sitting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and BP response rate from baseline values, which were assessed after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. Safety and tolerability were also assessed. Results: At week 8, both groups achieved significant reductions from baseline in DBP (11.7±7.0 and 3.2±7.9 mmHg), which was significantly greater in the amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg combination (n = 70) group (p < 0.0001). Additionally, the amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg combination group achieved significantly greater reductions in SBP at week 8 and in SBP and DBP at week 4 compared with the losartan 100mg (n = 72) group (all p < 0.0001). Response rates were significantly higher in the amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg group versus the losartan 100mg group (81.4% vs 63.9% at week 4, p < 0.0192; 90.0% vs 66.7% at week 8, p < 0.001). Both treatments were generally well tolerated. Conclusion: Switching to a fixed-dose combination therapy of amlodipine/losartan 5mg/100mg was associated with significantly greater reductions in BP and superior achievement of BP goals compared with a maintenance dose of losartan 100mg in Korean patients with essential hypertension inadequately controlled on losartan 100mg. Clinical Trial Registration: Registered at Clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00940680. Adis

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-195
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Amlodipine
  • hypertension.
  • losartan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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