Comparison of three stream tube models predicting field-scale solute transport

Diederik Jacques, Jan Vanderborght, Dirk Mallants, Dong Ju Kim, Harry Vereecken, Jan Feyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper the relation between local- and field-scale solute transport parameters in an unsaturated soil profile is investigated. At two experimental sites, local-scale steady-state solute transport was measured in-situ using 120 horizontally installed TDR-probes at 5 depths. Local-scale solute transport parameters determined from BTCs were used to predict field-scale solute transport using stochastic stream tube models (STM). Local-scale solute transport was described by two transport models: (1) the convection-dispersion transport model (CDE), and (2) the stochastic convective lognormal transfer model (CLT). The parameters of the CDE-model were found to be lognormally distributed, whereas the parameters of the CLT model were normally distributed. Local-scale solute transport heterogeneity within the measurement volume of a TDR-probe was an important factor causing field-scale solute dispersion. The study of the horizontal scale-dependency revealed that the variability in the solute transport parameters contributes more to the field-scale dispersion at deeper depths than at depths near the surface. Three STMs were used to upscale the local transport parameters: (i) the stochastic piston flow STM-I assuming local piston flow transport, (ii) the convective-dispersive STM-II assuming local CDE transport, and (iii) the stochastic convective lognormal STM-III assuming local CLT. The STM-I considerably underpredicted the field-scale solute dispersion indicating that local-scale dispersion processes, which are captured within the measurement volume of the TDR-probe, are important to predict field-scale solute transport. STM-II and STM-III both described the field-scale breakthrough curves (BTC) accurately if depth dependent parameters were used. In addition, a reasonable description of the horizontal variance of the local BTCs was found. STM-III was (more) superior to STM-II if only one set of parameters from one depth is used to predict the field-scale solute BTCs at several depths. This indicates that the local-scale solute transport process, as measured with TDR in this study, is in agreement with the CLT-hypothesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-893
Number of pages21
JournalHydrology and Earth System Sciences
Volume1
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1

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solute transport
time domain reflectometry
solute
comparison
probe
parameter
breakthrough curve
transport process
soil profile
streamflow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Jacques, D., Vanderborght, J., Mallants, D., Kim, D. J., Vereecken, H., & Feyen, J. (1997). Comparison of three stream tube models predicting field-scale solute transport. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 1(4), 873-893.

Comparison of three stream tube models predicting field-scale solute transport. / Jacques, Diederik; Vanderborght, Jan; Mallants, Dirk; Kim, Dong Ju; Vereecken, Harry; Feyen, Jan.

In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 4, 01.12.1997, p. 873-893.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jacques, D, Vanderborght, J, Mallants, D, Kim, DJ, Vereecken, H & Feyen, J 1997, 'Comparison of three stream tube models predicting field-scale solute transport', Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 873-893.
Jacques D, Vanderborght J, Mallants D, Kim DJ, Vereecken H, Feyen J. Comparison of three stream tube models predicting field-scale solute transport. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 1997 Dec 1;1(4):873-893.
Jacques, Diederik ; Vanderborght, Jan ; Mallants, Dirk ; Kim, Dong Ju ; Vereecken, Harry ; Feyen, Jan. / Comparison of three stream tube models predicting field-scale solute transport. In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 1997 ; Vol. 1, No. 4. pp. 873-893.
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