Objective: rTMS is a non-invasive method that applies a brief magnetic pulse to the cortex and is regarded as a possible therapeutic method for tinnitus control. However, it remains unclear whether the rTMS treatment effect would be the same in tinnitus patients receiving the 10–20 EEG-based target localization as in those receiving imaging-based neuronavigation target localization. Methods: We compared the treatment outcome of the 10–20 EEG-guided rTMS (Group 1) with that of the neuronavigation-guided rTMS (Group 2). Using the individual subject's MRI data and neuronavigation system, the coordinates of the AC relative to the 10–20 EEG system were identified in Asian and compared with those of Caucasian. Results: There was significant improvement in the THI and VAS scores in Group 1 and 2. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups. The location of the AC in Asians was significantly different to that in Caucasians. Conclusion: The 10–20 EEG coordinates of the AC in Asians were significantly different to those in Caucasians. To accurately aim for the AC in Asians, it is recommended that the rTMS be located 1.8 cm superior to the T3 and 0.6 cm posterior to the T3-Cz line. However, because the spatial resolution of the TMS is rather low, this difference probably was not reflected in the treatment outcome.
- auditory cortex
- coil positioning
- prefrontal cortex
- Transcranial magnetic stimulation
ASJC Scopus subject areas