Comparison of Union Rates Between Autogenous Iliac Crest Bone Graft and Local Bone Graft as Fusion Materials in Lumbar Fusion Surgery: An Evaluation of Up to 3-Level Fusion

Jong Beom Park, Jae Hyuk Yang, Dong Gune Chang, Se Il Suk, Seung Woo Suh, Gang Un Kim, Jung Yun Choi, Jun Yeong Seo, Hyung Youl Park, Sang Il Kim, Young Hoon Kim, Kee Yong Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To compare the radiologic union rates between autogenous iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) and local bone graft in 1- to 3-level lumbar fusion. Methods: We reviewed 178 consecutive patients who underwent 1- to 3-level lumbar fusion surgery because of lumbar spinal stenosis. Fusion status of the anterior or posterior column was evaluated by plain radiographs obtained at 24 months postoperatively. If at least either the anterior or posterior column was fused, that segment was regarded as having achieved fusion and was termed segment union. The definition of overall union was achieving union of all segments in a single patient. Results: For each ICBG group and local bone graft group, fusion rate of the anterior and posterior column, and rate of the segments and overall union at postoperative 2 years were not different between the groups, regardless of surgery level. In the overall union rate according to the fusion level, the ICBG group showed constant overall fusion rate according to the fusion level (i.e., 96.9%, 96.9%, and 93.1% for 1-, 2-, and 3-level fusion), but tended to decrease with increasing level in the local bone graft group (100%, 95.8%, and 85.7% for 1-, 2-, and 3-level fusion, respectively) without statistically significant differences. Conclusions: The union rate of 3-level fusion was not inferior to those of 1- or 2-level fusion in both ICBG and local bone graft patients. Local bone graft could be regarded as an adequate option for not only 1- or 2-level lumbar fusion but also 3-level lumbar fusion surgery.

Original languageEnglish
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Fusion rate
  • Iliac crest bone graft
  • Local bone graft
  • Lumbar fusion
  • Lumbar spinal stenosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Park, J. B., Yang, J. H., Chang, D. G., Suk, S. I., Suh, S. W., Kim, G. U., Choi, J. Y., Seo, J. Y., Park, H. Y., Kim, S. I., Kim, Y. H., & Ha, K. Y. (Accepted/In press). Comparison of Union Rates Between Autogenous Iliac Crest Bone Graft and Local Bone Graft as Fusion Materials in Lumbar Fusion Surgery: An Evaluation of Up to 3-Level Fusion. World Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2020.03.211