Muscidae are a dipteran family which is important for forensic investigations. However, it has received limited attention in forensic entomological experiments as a reason of identification issues. It is hard to identify specimens by morphological methods, especially in developmental stages. Therefore, complete mitochondrial genome sequences can be important tool in forensic entomology for identifying species. In this study we sequenced and analyzed the first complete mitochondrial genome from a forensically important Muscidae species Hydrotaea (=Ophyra) chalcogaster by next-generation sequencing. The mitochondrial genome of the sequenced species is circular molecules of 17,076 bp which have the typical mitochondrial genome complement of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNAs, two ribosomal RNA genes and a control region. Rearrangements of gene positions are identical with the ancestral insect genome. Furthermore, phylogenetic relationships of the family Muscidae were evaluated in regard to mitochondrial protein coding genes. The inferred trees indicate that the Muscidae is a paraphyletic family. These data provide additional information for molecular identification of muscid species.
- Complete mitochondrial genome
- Forensic importance
- Hydrotaea (=Ophyra) chalcogaster
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science